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Amendments (IMO, SOLAS, MARPOL, FSS)





1Amendments to MARPOL
1 January 2010:
October 2006 amendments to MARPOL revised Annex III - The revised MARPOL
Annex III Regulations for the prevention of pollution by harmful substances carried by
sea in packaged form. The Annex has been revised to harmonize the regulations with
the criteria for defining marine pollutants which have been adopted by the UN Transport
of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Sub-Committee, based on the United Nations Globally
Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).
1 July 2010:
October 2008 MARPOL amendments revised Annex VI
Amendments to the MARPOL Annex VI Regulations and amendments to the NOx
Technical Code 2008 were adopted to reduce harmful emissions from ships even
further. The principal amendments to Regulation 13 Nitrogen Oxides(NOx) and
Regulation 14 Sulphur Oxides(SOx) and Particulate Matters are as follows:
1. Outline of the amendments to Regulation 13 Nitrogen Oxides(NOx)
1.1 For marine diesel engines (excluding engines to be used solely in case of
emergency) with a power output of more than 130kW installed on ships constructed on
or after 1 January 2000, or which undergo a major conversion on or after 1 January
2000, the following regulations are to be applied in a 3 tier process. Tier II and Tier III
are newly required in addition to the present requirements of Tier I as follows:
(i) Tier I
The following NOx emission limits are to be applied to all marine diesel engines
installed on ships constructed on or after 1 January 2000 and prior to 1 January
2011, or which undergo a major conversion on or after 1 January 2000 and prior
to 1 January 2011.[Hereinafter, n = rated engine speed. (crankshaft revolution
per minute)]
1. 17.0 g/kWh: When n is less than 130 rpm.
2. 45n(-0.2) g/kWh: When n is 130 or more but less than
2000 rpm.
3. 9.8 g/kWh: When n is 2000 rpm or more.
(ii) Tier II
The following NOx emission limits are to be applied to all marine diesel
engines installed on ships constructed on or after 1 January 2011, or which
undergo a major conversion on or after 1 January 2011.
1. 14.4 g/kWh: When n is less than 130 rpm.
2. 44 n(-0.23) g/kWh: When n is 130 or more but less than 2000.
3. 7.7 g/kWh: When n is 2000 rpm or more.
(iii) Tier III 2
When the ship is operating in Emission Control Areas for NOx (ECA for
NOx), the following Tier III NOx emission limits are to be applied to all
marine diesel engines installed on ships constructed on or after 1 January
2016, or which undergo a major conversion on or after 1 January 2016.
1. 3.4 g/kWh: When n is less than 130 rpm.
2. 9 n(-0.2) g/kWh: When n is 130 or more but less than 2000.
3. 2.0 g/kWh: When n is 2000 rpm or more.
When the ship is operating outside of an ECA for NOx, Tier II regulations are to be
applied. The ECA for NOx will be designated by IMO at a later date.
1.2 Marine diesel engines installed on ships constructed prior to 1 January
2000 .
Marine diesel engines with a power output of more than 5,000 kW and a per cylinder
displacement at or above 90 litres installed ships constructed on or after 1 January
1990 but prior to 1 January 2000 shall comply with the emission limits of Tier I using
an Approved Method for the engine. The Approved Method shall be applied no later
than the first renewal survey that occurs 12 months or more after the submission of
an Approved Method that has been certified by an Administration to IMO. However,
in cases where an Approved Method does not yet exist or is not yet commercially
available, this regulation is omitted.
Note: An Approved Method is a modification unit designed to make engines without
NOx certification compliant with the Tier I regulations that has been approved by the
Administration.
1.3 Principal revised points of the NOx Technical Code 2008 are as follows:
(i) Addition of the regulation for NOx reduction system
(ii) Addition of the direct measurement and monitoring method for NOx
emission
(iii) Change of the criterion for selecting the Parent Engine of an Engine
Family / Engine Group
(iv) Simplification of NOx calculation formula
(v) Addition of the regulation for details of measurement method
1.4 Reg. 13 of MARPOL Annex VI, concerning Nitrogen Oxide (NOx),
requires that a record book of engine parameters is to be maintained
onboard.All changes relative to engine components and settings are to be
recorded in the record book as required in accordance with 6.2.3.2 and
6.2.3.3 of the NOx Technical Code. All adjustments, part replacements and
modifications that affect NOx emissions are to be described in the record
book chronologically.
Further, it is clearly stated in 6.2.2.7 of NOx Technical Code 2008 which shall enter
into force on 1 July 2010, that all part replacements, including ‘like-for-like’
replacements, are to be described in the record book. Accordingly owners and
management companies are reminded that whenever adjustments, part
replacements (including ‘like-for-like’ replacements), or modifications affecting NOx
emissions are carried out, those changes are to be described in the record book. 3
Additionally, although the NOx Technical File is required to be maintained onboard,
there have been numerous reports of cases where the NOx Technical File has not
been maintained onboard. Therefore, please keep in mind that the NOx Technical
File, as well as the record book of engine parameters, is to be maintained onboard
along with EIAPP Certificate.
2. Outline of the amendments to Regulation 14 Sulphur Oxides(SOx)and
Particulate Matters
In addition to the requirements for Sulphur Oxides(SOx), requirements for Particulate
Matters have been added. In order to control emission of Sulphur Oxides(SOx)and
Particulate Matters, it is now required that the sulphur content of any fuel oil used
onboard ships does not exceed the limits shown in the below table.
Implementation Date General
Requirements
Requirements within
ECA for SOx*
(Existing) 1.50 % m/m
On and after 1 July 2010
4.50 % m/m
On and after 1 January 2012
1.00 % m/m
On and after 1 January 2015
3.50 % m/m
On and after 1 January 2020 * 0.50 % m/m
0.10 % m/m
Notes ___ * In addition to current SECA (SOx Emission Control Areas), ECA for
SOx will be designated by IMO hereafter.
** At 2018, if it is not possible for ships to comply with the requirement from 2020 as
a result of a review about the global market supply and demand for fuel
oil to comply with the requirement, the requirement shall become
effective on 1 January 2025.
The revised Annex VI will allow for an Emission Control Area to be designated for SOx and
particulate matter, or NOx, or all three types of emissions from ships, subject to a proposal from
a Party or Parties to the Annex, which would be considered for adoption by the Organization, if
supported by a demonstrated need to prevent, reduce and control one or all three of those
emissions from ships. 4
Amendments to SOLAS
1 January 2010:
International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code as amended by Resolution
MSC.262(84) : Amendments to IMDG Code applies to all new and existing ships
carrying IMDG Cargo.
Guidelines on the Enhanced Programme of inspections during surveys of Bulk
carriers and Oil tankers (Resolution A.744(18)) as amended by Resolution
MSC.261(84) : Amendments are applicable to all bulk carriers of 500GT or over.
International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft as amended by Resolution
MSC.259(84) & Resolution MSC.259(84): Amendments to Chapter 8 in respect of Life
Saving appliances and Chapter 14 in respect of Radio communications applies to all
passenger crafts and Cargo Crafts of 500GT or over.
SOLAS Chapter III Regulations 6 & 26 and Chapter IV Regulation 7 as amended by
Resolution MSC.256(84) in respect of Search and rescue locating devices shall be
either a Radar transponder or AIS SART. Such search and rescue locating devices
are required to confirm to applicable performance standards. The performance
standards for survival craft radar transponders for use in search and rescue operations,
should confirm to Resolution MSC.247(83) (A.802(19)), as amended) and the
performance standards for survival craft AIS Search & Rescue transmitter (AIS SART)
should confirm to Resolution MSC.246(83). The amendments shall apply to all new and
existing passenger ships and cargo ships of 500GT or over.
SOLAS Chapter II-2 Regulation 20 as amended by Resolution MSC.256(84) in
respect of Means to prevent the blockage of drainage arrangements for closed
vehicles and ro-ro spaces and special category spaces : The amendments are
applicable to all new and existing passenger ships and cargo ships of 500GT or over at
the time of first survey after 1
st
January 2010.
SOLAS Chapter II-2 Regulation 20 as amended by Resolution MSC.256(84) in
respect fixed carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing systems for the protection of machinery
spaces and cargo pump-rooms on ships constructed before 1 July 2002 shall comply
with the following requirements by the first scheduled dry-docking after 1 January 2010
- 1 two separate controls shall be provided for releasing carbon dioxide into a protected
space and to ensure the activation of the alarm. One control shall be used for opening
the valve of the piping which conveys the gas into the protected space and a second
control shall be used to discharge the gas from its storage containers; and
- 2 the two controls shall be located inside a release box clearly identified for the
particular space. If the box containing the controls is to be locked, a key to the box shall
be in a break-glass-type enclosure conspicuously located adjacent to the box.
It is possible that existing ships constructed before 1 July 2002 may have already
complied with the above requirement; however Owners/ managers of the ships are 5
required to verify the arrangements on board the vessel and If the arrangements do not
comply following action needs to be taken to ensure such vessels comply with the
requirement by scheduled date
Plan approval and Survey
(1) Plan approval : For the ships which are not complying with the requirements,
plan for approval showing controls complying with Chapter 5 2.2.2 of the FSS
code and Instruction manual for the controls (the panel which is installed near the
controls) is to be submitted
(2) Survey Examination of following needs to be carried out onboard in the presence
of Class IRS Surveyor
(i) testing of pipe line if the piping is added/modified
(ii) performance test for controls/alarm systems
SOLAS Chapter XI -1 amended by Resolution MSC.255(84) : A new Regulation 6 is
added in respect of (Additional requirements for the investigation of marine casualties
and incidents) which makes Part I and Part II mandatory as per the new Casualty
Investigation Code ; Code of the international standards and recommended practices for
a safety investigation into a marine casualty
or marine incident.
SOLAS Chapter II-1 Regulation 3-4 amended by Resolution MSC.256(84) : A new
SOLAS regulation added to extend the existing Regulation regarding Emergency towing
arrangements on tankers to ships other than tankers. As per the new requirement
Emergency towing procedures shall be required on ships as per the schedule detailed
below
all passenger ships, not later than 1 January 2010;
Cargo ships constructed on or after 1 January 2010; and
Cargo ships constructed before 1 January 2010, not later than 1 January 2012.
Emergency towing procedures may be prepared in accordance with Guidelines for
owners/operators (MSC.1/Circ.1255).
SOLAS Chapter II-1 Regulation 3-9 amended by Resolution MSC.256(84):
- A new Regulation addedd which requires that approved means of
embarkation/disembarkation for use in port and for port-related operations must be
installed on ships constructed (having their keel laid) on or after 1 January 2010 in
accordance with IMO Circular MSC.1/Circ.1331.
-Accommodation ladders and gangways fitted on ships constructed before 1 January
2010, which are replaced after that date must, in so far as is reasonable and
practicable, also comply with MSC.1/Circ.1331.
-The purpose and use of this “means of embarkation and disembarkation” are different
from arrangements for pilot transfer. 6
- All wires used to support the means of embarkation and disembarkation must be maintained
as specified in regulation III/20.4 for lifesaving launching appliances. This will require monthly
inspections recorded in the log book and renewal when necessary due to deterioration of the
falls or at intervals of not more than five years, whichever is earlier
-For all ships, the means of embarkation and disembarkation must be inspected and
maintained in a suitable condition for their intended purpose and records maintained.
- The Classification Societies/ Flag State Administration will carry out inspections as part of
Cargo Ship Safety Equipment and Passenger Ship Safety surveys
- A five-yearly operational load test will be required to be performed on all accommodation
ladders, gangways and winches. This will be carried out in conjunction with the renewal survey
for those ships on a harmonised five-year survey cycle.
1 July 2010:
SOLAS Chapter II-2 in respect of sprinkler heads of windows with fire intigrity as
amended by Resolutioin MSC.201 (81)
Regulation 9.4.1.3.3 The amendments relate to Containment of fire, so as to include a
requirement for water-mist nozzles which should be tested and approved in accordance with the
guidelines approved by the Organization; and
Regulation 15 - Arrangements for oil fuel, lubricating oil and other flammable oils, new text
relating to the application of the regulation to ships constructed on or after 1 February 1992 and
on or after 1 July 1998.
SOLAS Chapter III Regulation 7.2.1 in respect of life saving appliances as
amended by Resolution MSC.201 (81) . The amendments add a new requirement
for infant lifejackets for passenger ships ( new and existing)
-For passenger ships on voyages of less than 24 hours, a number of infant lifejackets
equal to at least 2.5% of the number of passengers on board is to be provided;
- and for passenger ships on voyages of 24 hours or greater, infant lifejackets are to be
provided for each infant on board.
A further amendment which is applicable to all ships relates to the provision of
lifejackets for larger persons and states that, if the adult lifejackets provided are not
designed to fit persons with a chest girth of up to 1,750 mm, a sufficient number of
suitable accessories are to be available on board to allow them to be secured to such
persons.
SOLAS Chapter IV Regulation 7,9,10 as amended by Resolution MSC.201 (81)
The amendments relate to the provision of radio equipment, in Regulation 7, to require ships to
carry an EPIRB capable of transmitting a distress alert through the polar orbiting satellite service
(COSPAS-SARSAT) operating in the 406 MHz band; and, in Regulations 9 and 10, to clarify 7
that the means of initiating ship-to-shore distress alerts may be through the Inmarsat
geostationary satellite service by a ship earth station.
SOLAS Chapter V Regulation 7.2.1 as amended by Resolution MSC.201 (81) in
respect of new paragraph to Regulation 22 - Navigation bridge visibility to allow ballast
water exchange at sea, provided that the master has determined that it is safe to do so
and takes into consideration any increased blind sectors or reduced horizontal fields of
vision resulting from the operation to ensure that a proper lookout is maintained at all
times. The operation should be conducted in accordance with the ship's ballast water
management plan, taking into account the recommendations on ballast water exchange.
The commencement and termination of the operation should be recorded in the ship's
record of navigational activities.
SOLAS Chapter II-1in respect of undermentioned Regulations as amended by
Resolution MSC.216 (82) – Applicable to all new passenger ships constructed on
or after 1st July 2010
Regulation 41.6 in respect of supplementary lighting to be provided in all cabins to
clearly indicate the exit so that occupants will be able to find their way to the door. Such
lighting, which may be connected to an emergency source of power or have a selfcontained source of electrical power in each cabin, shall automatically illuminate when
power to the normal cabin lighting is lost and remain on for a minimum of 30 min
Regulation 55 & Regulation 38 of Chapter III in respect of methodology for alternative
design and arrangements for machinery and electrical installations.
SOLAS Chapter II-2 in respect of undermentioned Regulations as amended by
Resolution MSC.216 (82) – Applicable to all new passenger ships constructed on
or after 1st July 2010
Regulation 23 which requires that a Safety Centre which is a control station dedicated
to the management of emergency situations be established. The safety centre shall
either be a part of the navigation bridge or be located in a separate space adjacent to
and having direct access to the navigation bridge, so that the management of
emergencies can be performed without distracting watch officers from their navigational
duties.
SOLAS Chapter II-1 Regulation 2.5, International Convention of Load lines
amended by Resolution MSC.267 (85), MSC.269 (85) & MSC.270 (85) Amendments
to the SOLAS Convention and to the 1988 Load Lines Protocol to make mandatory the
International Code on Intact Stability, 2008 (2008 IS Code).
to all new ships of 24m or over.
The 2008 IS Code provides, in a single document, both mandatory requirements and
recommended provisions relating to intact stability, taking into account technical
developments, in particular regarding the dynamic stability phenomena in waves, based
on state-of-the-art concepts. The Code's mandatory status, under both the SOLAS
Convention and the 1988 Load Lines Protocol, will significantly influence the design and
the overall safety of ships.8
SOLAS Chapter II-2 Regulation 9 amended by Resolution MSC.269 (85): which
provides installation requirements for dors approved without the sill being part of the
frame. This Regulation applies to new and existing passenger ships and cargo ships of
500GT or over for doors installed after 1
st
July 2010.
-Doors approved as .A. class without the sill being part of the frame shall be installed
such that the gap under the door does not exceed 12 mm and a non-combustible sill
shall be installed under the door such that floor coverings do not extend beneath the
closed door.
-Doors approved as .B. class without the sill being part of the frame shall be installed
such that the gap under the door does not exceed 25 mm.
SOLAS Chapter II-2 Regulation 9 amended by Resolution MSC.269 (85): which
requires that ventilation ducts on all new passenger ships and cargo ships of 500 GT or
over to be made of heat resisting non-combustible material.
SOLAS Chapter II-2 Regulation 10 amended by Resolution MSC.269 (85): which
requires Passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers constructed on or after 1
July 2010 to be fitted with a suitably located means for fully recharging breathing air
cylinders, free from contamination. The means for recharging shall be either:
- breathing air compressors supplied from the main and emergency
switchboard, or independently driven, with a minimum capacity of 60 l/min
per required breathing apparatus, not to exceed 420 l/min; or
- self-contained high-pressure storage systems of suitable pressure to recharge
the breathing apparatus used on board, with a capacity of at least 1,200 l per
required breathing apparatus, not to exceed 50,000 l of free air.
Amendments to LSA Code
1 July 2010:
Chapter II of LSA Code as amended by Resolution MSC.207 (81) The amendments
include the requirement that all life saving appliances should withstand in stowage an
air temperature range of 30°C to +65°C and personal life-saving appliances should
remain operational throughout an air temperature range of -15°C to +40°C. The colour
of life-saving appliances is now specified to be "of international or vivid reddish orange,
or a comparably highly visible colour on all parts where this will assist detection at sea".
The existing section 2.2 on General requirements for lifejackets is revised and replaced.
Further amendments relate to specifications for immersion suits and anti-exposure
suits.
Chapter IV & V of LSA Code as amended by Resolution MSC.272 (85). The
amendments are to be implemented w.e.f 1st July 2010 for all passenger ships
and cargo ship of 500GRT or over. The amendments relates to 9
General requirements for lifeboats wherein the weight of a person to be taken as
75 Kg for a lifeboat intended for a passenger ship and 82.5 kg for a lifeboat intended
for a cargo ship
Carrying capacity of a free-fall lifeboat have been amended
In case of all Rescue Boats an average mass of person to be taken as 82.5 kg.
Amendments to FSS Code
1 July 2010:
Chapter 5 of FSS Code as amended by Resolution MSC.206 (81) The amendments
replace the text of Chapter 5 Fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems with a revised text.
Amendments to ISM Code
1 July 2010
Section 1,5,7,8,9,10,12,13 & 14 amended vide Resolution MSC 273(85)
1. The Resolution MSC.273(85) relating to amendments to the International Safety
Management Code (ISM) Code) for the safe operation of ships and for pollution
prevention, adopted at IMO MSC85 which will enter into force on 1
st
July 2010.
Section 1
-Definition of Major Non conformity has been changed which is now a restrictive
definition in the revised paragraph 1.1.10.
- Assessment of all identified risks has been added in the Objectives as introduced in
the revised paragraph 1.2.2.2.
Section 5
Master’s to now undertake periodically, review of the SMS as earlier Master’s were only
required to review the SMS with no periodic requirement refer revised paragraph 5.1.5.
Section 8
Companies are now required to identify equipment and technical systems for which
sudden operational failure may result in hazardous situation and to establish procedures
to respond to them ; however previously companies were only required to establish a
procedure as introduced in the revised paragraph 8.1.
Section 9
The companies are now to establish procedures for implementing corrective and
preventive actions as earlier only procedures for corrective actions were required as
introduced in the revised paragraph 9.2 10
Section 10
- In paragraph 10.3, the words "establish procedures in its safety management system
to" are deleted
-
Section 12
-Requirement that the Company should carry out internal safety audits on board and
ashore at intervals not exceeding 12 months (may be exceeded by not more than 3
months in exceptional circumstances) has been introduced in the revised paragraph
12.1.
- Companies are now required to assess the effectiveness of the SMS rather than
efficiency as introduced in the revised paragraph 12.2
Section 13
- Provision that when the renewal verification is completed after the expiry date of the
existing Safety Management Certificate, the new Safety Management Certificate should
be valid from the date of completion of the renewal verification to a date not exceeding
five years from the date of expiry of the existing Safety Management Certificate has
been introduced into the new paragraph 13.12 resulting in change of the Full term
Safety Management Certificate.
- Provision that if a ship at the time when a Safety Management Certificate expires is
not in a port in which it is to be verified, the Administration may extend the period of
validity of the Safety Management Certificate not exceeding three months only for the
purpose of allowing the ship to complete its voyage to the port in which it is to be
verified has been introduced into the new paragraph 13.14 resulting in change of the
Full term Safety Management Certificate.
Section 14
- In paragraph 14.4.3, the word "internal" is inserted after the words planned the
V. Arora


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